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Shaheed Diwas: History and Significance
Team SoOLEGAL 31 Jan 2022

Shaheed Diwas: History and Significance

Every year on January 30, Martyrs' Day, also known as Shaheed Diwas, is observed across the country. The day commemorates Mahatma Gandhi's death anniversary.

On this day, Indians remember the slain freedom fighters who gave their lives in the fight for the country's independence. Across the country, various events are being held to pay tribute to the fallen.

As is customary, the Centre has directed all state governments and union ministries to observe two minutes of silence at 11 a.m. on the day in honor of martyred independence heroes.

This year marks the 74th death anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi. The day is observed to commemorate Mahatma Gandhi's contributions to India's independence struggle.

Bapu led numerous freedom movements and was a staunch supporter of nonviolence. Nathuram Godse assassinated The Father of the Nation during his evening prayers in the Birla House in 1948. Godse blamed Gandhi Ji for the partition of India and Pakistan, which resulted in the deaths of thousands of people.

On Martyrs Day, the country's top leaders, including the President, Prime Minister, and Defense Minister, gather at New Delhi's Rajghat to pay tribute to Gandhi Ji. The service chiefs of the three armed forces join them in laying floral wreaths at his memorial.

On March 23, Martyrs' Day is also observed to pay tribute to freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar. The British hung these three brave revolutionaries on this day in 1931. In 1928, the trio was hanged for assassinating British officer John Saunders. Their storey of sacrifice became an inspiration to millions of Indians.

Every year on January 30 and March 23, India commemorates two Martyr's Days or Shaheed Diwas to honor the sacrifices made by Mahatma Gandhi, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Sukhdev, and countless other brave Indian freedom fighters who fought for India's independence, glory, and welfare. Martyr's Day is observed by India and 15 other countries around the world to honor courageous champions.

Mahatma Gandhi's contribution to the nation and its independence is well known. He was a great freedom fighter who taught the lesson of nonviolence and worked to restore the nation's unity, which had been shattered by the British. After India's independence in 1947, Bapu stepped away from politics and began working for people's harmony, peace, and brotherhood.

On January 30, 1948, during evening prayers, the 'Father of the Nation' was assassinated at Gandhi Smriti in the Birla House. On January 30, Mahatma Gandhi was martyred, and the Government of India declared the day Shaheed Diwas, or Martyrs' Day.

Gandhi is the personification of nonviolence. Many world leaders look up to him as an inspiration. Gandhi is revered by many people, including Martin Luther King Jr., the leader of the African-American civil rights movement, Nelson Mandela, the great leader of the South African people, the Dalai Lama, and Albert Einstein.

Gandhi's philosophy is founded on three tenets: nonviolence, the struggle for truth (satyagraha), and individual and political liberty (swaraj). In his fight for peace, he sought guidance from Buddha's and the Prophet Mohammed's teachings. Gandhi believed that pure faith could bring people of different faiths together. "I can see that even in the midst of death, life continues." Truth endures in the face of untruth. Light survives in the midst of darkness. As a result, I conclude that God is life, truth, and light.

Earlier this year, the Central Government ordered that all state governments and union ministries observe two minutes of silence on January 30 in honor of martyred freedom fighters. Millions of Indians were inspired by the sacrifice of the trio of heroes. As a result, March 23 was designated as Shaheed Diwas.

In Mahatma Gandhi's memory, the 30th of January is celebrated as Shaheed Diwas or Martyr's Day, and the 23rd of March is celebrated as Martyr's Day to remember the sacrifice of three extraordinary freedom fighters of India. The British hanged three heroes of our nation, Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar, on March 23rd.

Without a doubt, they also gave their lives for the welfare of our country, even if they did not follow Mahatma Gandhi's path. They are a source of inspiration for India's youth. They came forward at such a young age, and they fought bravely for independence. To honor these three revolutionaries, Martyr's Day is observed on March 23rd.

Mahatma Gandhi was a pivotal figure in the Indian independence movement. His two most important guiding principles were "Satya," or truth, and "Ahimsa," or nonviolence. Gandhi secured the country's freedom with these two principles and the assistance of several other freedom fighters such as Vallabh Bhai Patel, Subhas Chandra Bose, Lala Lajpat Rai, and Jawaharlal Nehru.

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