National Girl Child Day: The idea Behind It
Team SoOLEGAL 25 Jan 2022

National Girl Child Day: The idea Behind It

"There is no more effective development instrument than women's empowerment," declared Kofi Annan.

Since 2008, India has observed National Female Child Day on January 24th to enhance societal awareness and concern towards the girl child. The commemoration of this day was initiated in order to provide greater assistance and new chances to the country's females. Inequality concerning female children is a widespread issue that encompasses a wide range of issues, including disparities in education, nutrition, legal rights, medical treatment, protection, honor, child marriage, domestic violence, sexual harassment in public places and the workplace, and so on.

India as a nation is primarily male dominated, and the desire for a son is ubiquitous, affecting people from all socioeconomic backgrounds and regions of the country. As a result, it is critical that governmental agencies, non-governmental organizations, and civil society work together to alter this attitude and actually make our society gender equitable and gender aware.

The Ministry of Women and Children established National Girl Child Day in 2008 with the goal of emphasizing the injustices that girls suffer at various levels in our society. The goal of commemorating this day is to raise awareness about a variety of issues, including the rights of a female child, the value of education, adequate nutrition, and health.

The day requires individuals to recognise the issues that restrict girls from expressing their basic rights and to find methods to contribute as much as they can to finding solutions. Even when girls were born, they were sent into the crucible of child marriage. Since the country's independence, the Indian government has worked to remove prejudice against daughters and sons, as well as crimes against them.

The Indian government has taken various initiatives over the years to better the status of girls, including Save the Female Child, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, free or subsidised education for girl children, and reservations for women in colleges and universities.

Every year on January 24th, India observes National Girl Child Day. It was started in 2008 by the Ministry of Women and Child Development and the Indian government to raise awareness about the injustices that girls face in Indian society. Girl Child Day is observed every year on January 24th for a specific cause. Indira Gandhi is the driving force behind this explanation.

Indira Gandhi was sworn in as India's first female Prime Minister in 1966. The 24th of January is a notable occasion in Indian history, encouraging women's empowerment and gender equality.

The goal of commemorating this day is to promote awareness about the rights of girls. All individuals, including daughters, must be made aware of the prejudice that the girl child faces in society. Every year on this day, state governments across the country undertake awareness campaigns. Aside from National Girl Child Day, October 11 is International Day of the Girl Child. 

Amy Tenny said, “The world needs strong women. Women who will lift and build others, who will love and be loved. Women who live bravely, both tender and fierce. Women of indomitable will”.

The Punjab government declared January 2021 to be the "month of the girl child." Dheeiyan Di Lohri is another scheme that has been launched. Though the topic for National Girl Day has not yet been revealed, the theme for Girl Child Day 2021 was "Digital Generation, Our Generation," and the theme for Girl's Day in 2020 was "My voice, our collective future."

The National Education Policy (NEP)-2020 includes a "Gender Inclusion Fund" to promote the development of girls. The GOI will establish a "Gender Inclusion Fund" to ensure that all girls get a high-quality, fair education. The fund will priorities securing 100 percent enrolment of girls in school and a record participation rate in higher education, closing gender disparities at all levels, promoting gender equity and inclusion in society, and improving girls' leadership ability via constructive civil conversations.

States will also be able to use the funds to promote and scale up effective community-based programs that address local context-specific barriers to females and transgender pupils.

NEP 2020 will focus on the safety and security of female students both on and off campus. Before applying for yearly accreditation, schools must guarantee that their campuses are free of harassment, discrimination, and domineering behavior. This will boost the number of female students in the class.

The initiative will identify societal norms and gender stereotypes that impede females from pursuing an education and contribute to high dropout rates. The Ministry of Education's (MoE) Department of School Education and Literacy is undertaking Samagra Shiksha, an Integrated Scheme for School Education (ISSE) with several interventions aimed at girls' education. One of the primary goals of the Samagra Shiksha is to reduce gender and social class imbalances in school education at all levels.

An specific component of the Khelo India Scheme focuses on the hurdles that girls and women encounter in participating in sports, as well as developing ways to overcome these and enhance participation. Women's participation in the Khelo India Games has increased by 161% between 2018 and 2020. The number of selected female athletes funded by the Khelo India scheme has increased from 657 in 2018 to 1471 in 2019. (223 percent increase). In September 2018, 86 women athletes were a part of the Target Olympic Podium Scheme (TOPS) programme, and presently there are 190 of them (220 percent jump).\

The Department of Science and Technology (DST) has developed the 'Knowledge Involvement in Research Advancement through Nurturing (KIRAN)' Scheme to empower women scientists and technicians with numerous employment prospects. Its primary goal is to achieve gender parity in the science and technology sectors by bringing more female talent into the research and development area through various programs.

The Program for Gender Advancement in Science and Technology Institutions, which began in 2020, intends to create a Charter for Gender Equality in STEM with an emphasis on bringing about transformative changes at the institutional level. The project's goal is to construct a new ecosystem based on institutional competences and to provide continuing mentoring assistance to help them accomplish transformation.

The Ministry of Skill Development is working to provide a favorable environment for skilling women in India Nineteen of the 33 National Skill Training Institutes (NSTIs) provide skill training solely for women. Craftsman Training Scheme has sanctioned 3,400 seats in NSTIs, whereas Crafts Instructor Training Scheme has sanctioned 2,225 seats (CITS).

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