kartik
Indian Laws Most Of Us Are Not Aware Of
kartik mago 28 Jun 2019

Indian Laws Most Of Us Are Not Aware Of

Here are some basic laws and rights which every Indian should be aware of;

1. There cannot be any legal arrest if there's no information or reasonable suspicion that the person has been involved in a cognizable offence or commits offence(s), specified under Section 41.

2. Male officers have no right to escort a woman and a female can refuse to go to the police station between 6 pm to 6 am. In case of a serious crime, a written permission is required from the magistrate allowing the male officers to escort her.

3. There are not any penalties against non-motor vehicles like a cycles or rickshaws, since they do not fall under the Motor Vehicles Act.

4. Delhi Police grants every women a privilege of registering complaints via email or even through post if she is not able to go to the police station.

5. Section 50(2) of CrPC provides that, if any person arrested without warrant should be immediately informed of the grounds of his arrest, and if the arrest is made in a bailable case, the person shall be informed of his right to be released on bails.

6. After arrest, a person shall have the right to consult and to be defended by a counsel of his choice; arrestee shall be entitled to free legal aid. Free legal aid to persons of limited means is a service which the modern State, in particular a welfare state, owes to its citizens. 

7. A person arrested cannot to be detained more than 24 hours. Section 57 of CrPC lays legal requirements to produce an arrested person before a Judicial Magistrate within 24 hours of the arrest must be scrupulously observed.

8. Live-in relationships are not illegal and are considered to be 'equal to marriage' if certain conditions are met like pooling of financial and domestic arrangements, entrusting the responsibility, sexual relationship, bearing children, socialization in public and intention, conduct of the parties, etc. This is done to protect women under the Domestic Violence Act. And children born out of live-in relationships have the right of inheritance.

9. If the gas cylinder blasts during the cooking food then the gas agency is liable to pay Rs. 50 lakh to the victim as a compensation. For claiming this compensation, the consumer needs to lodge an FIR to the nearest police station and submit it to the concerned gas agency.

10. It is illegal to give a lift to unknown people, in fact, using your personal vehicle for commercial purposes is also illegal.

11. A Police officer can never refuse to lodge an FIR, and if they does so they could be jailed for up to 6 months to 1 year.

12. No company is allowed to fire a pregnant woman. It is punishable by a maximum of 3 years of imprisonment.

13. Once you are fined for a chalaan slip, you can get you out of being fined for the same till midnight.

14. A seller cannot go beyond the MRP and you have the right to bargain for a price below MRP.

15. The Limitation Act states that if you are not paid by the person contracted to pay you, you can file a complaint within 3 years.

16. Public Display of Affection (PDA) within its limits is allowed but any obscene activity is punishable by law for up to 3 months. 

17. If a husband or a wife refuse sex post marriage, it can be deemed as 'mental cruelty' and is a valid ground/reason for divorce.

18. The Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, 1956 clearly states that if you have a Hindu son or a son's son or a son's son's son, you cannot adopt another son. Same applies in case of daughters.

 

19. You may end up in jail for flying kites. As per the Indian Aircraft Act, a person can be imprisoned for 2 years or fine of up to Rs.10 lakh, if he/she flies an aircraft in such a way that it causes danger to any person or property on land, water or in the air. Aircrafts here include balloons, gliders, flying machines and kites.

20. Any person can use the restroom and drink water at any hotel whether or not one is staying at that hotel. Under the Indian Sarais Act, 1867. 'Sarai' means any building used for the shelter and accommodation of travelers hotels falls under this category.

 

 

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