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In adherence to the rules and regulations of Bar Council of India, this website has been designed only for the purposes of circulation of information and not for the purpose of advertising.
Your use of SoOLEGAL service is completely at your own risk. Readers and Subscribers should seek proper advice from an expert before acting on the information mentioned herein. The content on this website is general information and none of the information contained on the website is in the nature of a legal opinion or otherwise amounts to any legal advice. User is requested to use his or her judgment and exchange of any such information shall be solely at the user’s risk.
SoOLEGAL does not take responsibility for actions of any member registered on the site and is not accountable for any decision taken by the reader on the basis of information/commitment provided by the registered member(s).By clicking on ‘ENTER’, the visitor acknowledges that the information provided in the website (a) does not amount to advertising or solicitation and (b) is meant only for his/her understanding about our activities and who we are.
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SoOLEGAL Transaction Services Agreement :
By registering yourself with SoOLEGAL, it is understood and agreed by you that the Terms and Conditions under the Transaction Services Terms shall be binding on you at all times during the period of registration and notwithstanding cessation of your registration with SoOLEGAL certain Terms and Conditions shall survive.
"Your Transaction" means any Transaction of Documents/ Advices(s), advice and/ or solution in the form of any written communication to your Client made by you arising out of any advice/ solution sought from you through the SoOLEGAL Site.
Transacting on SoOLEGAL Service Terms:
The SoOLEGAL Payment System Service ("Transacting on SoOLEGAL") is a Service that allows you to list Documents/ Advices which comprise of advice/ solution in the form of written communication to your Client who seeks your advice/ solution via SoOLEGAL Site and such Documents/ Advices being for Transaction directly via the SoOLEGAL Site. SoOLEGAL Payment Service is operated by Sun Integrated Technologies and Applications . TheSoOLEGAL Payment System Service Terms are part of the Terms & Conditions of SoOLEGAL Services Transaction Terms and Conditionsbut unless specifically provided otherwise, concern and apply only to your participation in Transacting on SoOLEGAL. BY REGISTERING FOR OR USING SoOLEGAL PAYMENT SYSTEM , YOU (ON BEHALF OF YOURSELF OR THE FIRM YOU REPRESENT) AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TRANSACTIONS TRANSACTION TERMS AND CONDITIONS.
Unless otherwise defined in this Documents/ Advice or Terms & Conditions which being the guiding Documents/ Advice to this Documents/ Advice, all capitalized terms have the meanings given them in the Transactions Transaction Terms and Conditions.
S-1. Your Documents/ Advice Listings and Orders
S-1.1 Documents/ Advices Information. You will, in accordance with applicable Program Policies, provide in the format we require. Documents/ Advices intended to be sold should be accurate and complete and thereafter posted through the SoOLEGAL Site and promptly update such information as necessary to ensure it at all times that such Documents/ Advices remain accurate and complete. You will also ensure that Your Materials, Your Documents/ Advices (including comments) and your offer and subsequent Transaction of any ancillary Documents/ Advice pertaining to the previous Documents/ Advices on the SoOLEGAL Site comply with all applicable Laws (including all marking and labeling requirements) and do not contain any sexually explicit, defamatory or obscene materials or any unlawful materials. You may not provide any information for, or otherwise seek to list for Transaction on the SoOLEGAL Site, any Excluded Documents/ Advices; or provide any URL Marks for use, or request that any URL Marks be used, on the SoOLEGAL Site. In any event of unlawful Documents/ Advices made available for Transaction by you on SoOLEGAL site, it is understood that liabilities limited or unlimited shall be yours exclusively to which SoOLEGAL officers, administrators, Affiliates among other authorized personnel shall not be held responsible and you shall be liable to appropriate action under applicable laws.
S-1.2 Documents/ Advices Listing; Merchandising; Order Processing. We will list Your Documents/ Advices for Transaction on the SoOLEGAL Site in the applicable Documents/ Advices categories which are supported for third party REGISTERED USERs generally on the SoOLEGAL Site on the applicable Transacting Associated Properties or any other functions, features, advertising, or programs on or in connection with the SoOLEGAL Site). SoOLEGAL reserves its right to restrict at any time in its sole discretion the access to list in any or all categories on the SoOLEGAL Site. We may use mechanisms that rate, or allow users to rate, Your Documents/ Advices and/or your performance as a REGISTERED USER on the SoOLEGAL Site and SoOLEGAL may make these ratings and feedback publicly available. We will provide Order Information to you for each of Your Transactions. Transactions Proceeds will be paid to you only in accordance with Section S-6.
S-1.3 a. It is mandatory to secure an advance amount from Client where SoOLEGAL Registered Consultant will raise an invoice asking for a 25% advance payment for the work that is committed to be performed for the Client of such SoOLEGAL Registered Consultant. The amount will be refunded to the client if the work is not done and uploaded to SoOLEGAL Repository within the stipulated timeline stated by SoOLEGAL Registered Consultant.
b. SoOLEGAL Consultant will be informed immediately on receipt of advance payment from Client which will be held by SoOLegal and will not be released to either Party and an email requesting the Registered Consultant will be sent to initiate the assignment.
c. The Registered Consultant will be asked on the timeline for completion of the assignment which will be intimated to Client.
d. Once the work is completed by the consultant the document/ advice note will be in SoOLEGAL repository and once Client makes rest of the payment, the full amount will be remitted to the consultant in the next payment cycle and the document access will be given to the client.
e. In the event where the Client fails to make payment of the balance amount within 30 days from the date of upload , the Registered Consultant shall receive the advance amount paid by the Client without any interest in the next time cycle after the lapse of 30 days.
S-1.4 Credit Card Fraud.
We will not bear the risk of credit card fraud (i.e. a fraudulent purchase arising from the theft and unauthorised use of a third party's credit card information) occurring in connection with Your Transactions. We may in our sole discretion withhold for investigation, refuse to process, restrict download for, stop and/or cancel any of Your Transactions. You will stop and/or cancel orders of Your Documents/ Advices if we ask you to do so. You will refund any customer (in accordance with Section S-2.2) that has been charged for an order that we stop or cancel.
S-2. Transaction and Fulfilment, Refunds and Returns
S-2.1 Transaction and Fulfilment:
Fulfilment – Fulfilment is categorised under the following heads:
1. Fulfilment by Registered User/ Consultant - In the event of Client seeking consultation, Registered User/ Consultant has to ensure the quality of the product and as per the requirement of the Client and if its not as per client, it will not be SoOLEGAL’s responsibility and it will be assumed that the Registered User/ Consultant and the Client have had correspondence before assigning the work to the Registered User/ Consultant.
2. Fulfilment by SoOLEGAL - If the Registered User/ Consultant has uploaded the Documents/ Advice in SoOLEGAL Site, SoOLEGAL Authorised personnel does not access such Documents/ Advice and privacy of the Client’s Documents/ Advice and information is confidential and will be encrypted and upon payment by Client, the Documents/ Advice is emailed by SoOLEGAL to them. Client’s information including email id will be furnished to SoOLEGAL by Registered User/ Consultant.
If Documents/ Advice is not sent to Client, SoOLEGAL will refund any amount paid to such Client’s account without interest within 60 days.
3. SoOLEGAL will charge 5% of the transaction value which is subject to change with time due to various economic and financial factors including inflation among other things, which will be as per SoOLEGAL’s discretion and will be informed to Registered Users about the same from time to time. Any tax applicable on Registered User/ Consultant is payable by such Registered User/ Consultant and not by SoOLEGAL.
4. SoOLEGAL will remit the fees (without any interest) to its Registered User/ Consultant every 15 (fifteen) days. If there is any discrepancy in such payment, it should be reported to Accounts Head of SoOLEGAL (firstname.lastname@example.org) with all relevant account statement within fifteen days from receipt of that last cycle payment. Any discrepancy will be addressed in the next fifteen days cycle. If any discrepancy is not reported within 15 days of receipt of payment, such payment shall be deemed accepted and SoOLEGAL shall not entertain any such reports thereafter.
5. Any Registered User/ Consultant wishes to discontinue with this, such Registered User/ Consultant shall send email to SoOLEGAL and such account will be closed and all credits will be refunded to such Registered User/ Consultant after deducation of all taxes and applicable fees within 30 days. Other than as described in the Fulfilment by SoOLEGAL Terms & Conditions (if applicable to you), for the SoOLEGAL Site for which you register or use the Transacting on SoOLEGAL Service, you will: (a) source, fulfil and transact with your Documents/ Advices, in each case in accordance with the terms of the applicable Order Information, these Transaction Terms & Conditions, and all terms provided by you and displayed on the SoOLEGAL Site at the time of the order and be solely responsible for and bear all risk for such activities; (a) not cancel any of Your Transactions except as may be permitted pursuant to your Terms & Conditions appearing on the SoOLEGAL Site at the time of the applicable order (which Terms & Conditions will be in accordance with Transaction Terms & Conditions) or as may be required Transaction Terms & Conditions per the terms laid in this Documents/ Advice; in each case as requested by us using the processes designated by us, and we may make any of this information publicly available notwithstanding any other provision of the Terms mentioned herein, ensure that you are the REGISTERED USER of all Documents/ Advices made available for listing for Transaction hereunder; identify yourself as the REGISTERED USER of the Documents/ Advices on all downloads or other information included with Your Documents/ Advices and as the Person to which a customer may return the applicable Documents/ Advices; and
S-2.2 Returns and Refunds. For all of Your Documents/ Advices that are not fulfilled using Fulfilment by SoOLEGAL, you will accept and process returns, refunds and adjustments in accordance with these Transaction Terms & Conditions and the SoOLEGAL Refund Policies published at the time of the applicable order, and we may inform customers that these policies apply to Your Documents/ Advices. You will determine and calculate the amount of all refunds and adjustments (including any taxes, shipping of any hard copy and handling or other charges) or other amounts to be paid by you to customers in connection with Your Transactions, using a functionality we enable for Your Account. This functionality may be modified or discontinued by us at any time without notice and is subject to the Program Policies and the terms of thisTransaction Terms & Conditions Documents/ Advice. You will route all such payments through SoOLEGAL We will provide any such payments to the customer (which may be in the same payment form originally used to purchase Your Documents/ Advices), and you will reimburse us for all amounts so paid. For all of Your Documents/ Advices that are fulfilled using Fulfilment by SoOLEGAL, the SoOLEGAL Refund Policies published at the time of the applicable order will apply and you will comply with them. You will promptly provide refunds and adjustments that you are obligated to provide under the applicable SoOLEGAL Refund Policies and as required by Law, and in no case later than thirty (30) calendar days following after the obligation arises. For the purposes of making payments to the customer (which may be in the same payment form originally used to purchase Your Documents/ Advices), you authorize us to make such payments or disbursements from your available balance in the Nodal Account (as defined in Section S-6). In the event your balance in the Nodal Account is insufficient to process the refund request, we will process such amounts due to the customer on your behalf, and you will reimburse us for all such amount so paid.
You will pay us: (a) the applicable Referral Fee; (b) any applicable Closing Fees; and (c) if applicable, the non-refundable Transacting on SoOLEGAL Subscription Fee in advance for each month (or for each transaction, if applicable) during the Term of this Transaction Terms & Conditions. "Transacting on SoOLEGAL Subscription Fee" means the fee specified as such on the Transacting on SoOLEGALSoOLEGAL Fee Schedule for the SoOLEGAL Site at the time such fee is payable. With respect to each of Your Transactions: (x) "Transactions Proceeds" has the meaning set out in the Transaction Terms & Conditions; (y) "Closing Fees" means the applicable fee, if any, as specified in the Transacting on SoOLEGAL Fee Schedule for the SoOLEGAL Site; and (z) "Referral Fee" means the applicable percentage of the Transactions Proceeds from Your Transaction through the SoOLEGAL Site specified on the Transacting on SoOLEGAL Fee Schedule for the SoOLEGAL Site at the time of Your Transaction, based on the categorization by SoOLEGAL of the type of Documents/ Advices that is the subject of Your Transaction; provided, however, that Transactions Proceeds will not include any shipping charge set by us in the case of Your Transactions that consist solely of SoOLEGAL-Fulfilled Documents/ Advices. Except as provided otherwise, all monetary amounts contemplated in these Service Terms will be expressed and provided in the Local Currency, and all payments contemplated by this Transaction Terms & Conditions will be made in the Local Currency.
All taxes or surcharges imposed on fees payable by you to SoOLEGAL will be your responsibility.
S-6 Transactions Proceeds & Refunds.
S-6.1.Nodal Account. Remittances to you for Your Transactions will be made through a nodal account (the "Nodal Account") in accordance with the directions issued by Reserve Bank of India for the opening and operation of accounts and settlement of payments for electronic payment transactions involving intermediaries vide its notification RBI/2009-10/231 DPSS.CO.PD.No.1102 / 02.14.08/ 2009-10 dated November 24, 2009. You hereby agree and authorize us to collect payments on your behalf from customers for any Transactions. You authorize and permit us to collect and disclose any information (which may include personal or sensitive information such as Your Bank Account information) made available to us in connection with the Transaction Terms & Conditions mentioned hereunder to a bank, auditor, processing agency, or third party contracted by us in connection with this Transaction Terms & Conditions.
Subject to and without limiting any of the rights described in Section 2 of the General Terms, we may hold back a portion or your Transaction Proceeds as a separate reserve ("Reserve"). The Reserve will be in an amount as determined by us and the Reserve will be used only for the purpose of settling the future claims of customers in the event of non-fulfillment of delivery to the customers of your Documents/ Advices keeping in mind the period for refunds and chargebacks.
S-6.2. Except as otherwise stated in this Transaction Terms & Conditions Documents/ Advice (including without limitation Section 2 of the General Terms), you authorize us and we will remit the Settlement Amount to Your Bank Account on the Payment Date in respect of an Eligible Transaction. When you either initially provide or later change Your Bank Account information, the Payment Date will be deferred for a period of up to 14 calendar days. You will not have the ability to initiate or cause payments to be made to you. If you refund money to a customer in connection with one of Your Transactions in accordance with Section S-2.2, on the next available Designated Day for SoOLEGAL Site, we will credit you with the amount to us attributable to the amount of the customer refund, less the Refund Administration Fee for each refund, which amount we may retain as an administrative fee.
"Eligible Transaction" means Your Transaction against which the actual shipment date has been confirmed by you.
"Designated Day" means any particular Day of the week designated by SoOLEGAL on a weekly basis, in its sole discretion, for making remittances to you.
"Payment Date" means the Designated Day falling immediately after 14 calendar days (or less in our sole discretion) of the Eligible Transaction.
"Settlement Amount" means Invoices raised through SoOLEGAL Platform (which you will accept as payment in full for the Transaction and shipping and handling of Your Documents/ Advices), less: (a) the Referral Fees due for such sums; (b) any Transacting on SoOLEGAL Subscription Fees due; (c) taxes required to be charged by us on our fees; (d) any refunds due to customers in connection with the SoOLEGAL Site; (e) Reserves, as may be applicable, as per this Transaction Terms & Conditions; (f) Closing Fees, if applicable; and (g) any other applicable fee prescribed under the Program Policies. SoOLEGAL shall not be responsible for
S-6.3. In the event that we elect not to recover from you a customer's chargeback, failed payment, or other payment reversal (a "Payment Failure"), you irrevocably assign to us all your rights, title and interest in and associated with that Payment Failure.
S-7. Control of Site
Notwithstanding any provision of this Transaction Terms & Conditions, we will have the right in our sole discretion to determine the content, appearance, design, functionality and all other aspects of the SoOLEGAL Site and the Transacting on SoOLEGAL Service (including the right to re-design, modify, remove and alter the content, appearance, design, functionality, and other aspects of, and prevent or restrict access to any of the SoOLEGAL Site and the Transacting on SoOLEGAL Service and any element, aspect, portion or feature thereof (including any listings), from time to time) and to delay or suspend listing of, or to refuse to list, or to de-list, or require you not to list any or all Documents/ Advices on the SoOLEGAL Site in our sole discretion.
S-8. Effect of Termination
Upon termination of this Contract, the Transaction Terms & Conditions automatiocally stands terminated and in connection with the SoOLEGAL Site, all rights and obligations of the parties under these Service Terms with regard to the SoOLEGAL Site will be extinguished, except that the rights and obligations of the parties with respect to Your Transactions occurring during the Term will survive the termination or expiration of the Term.
"SoOLEGAL Refund Policies" means the return and refund policies published on the SoOLEGAL Site.
"Required Documents/ Advices Information" means, with respect to each of Your Documents/ Advices in connection with the SoOLEGAL Site, the following (except to the extent expressly not required under the applicable Policies) categorization within each SoOLEGAL Documents/ Advices category and browse structure as prescribed by SoOLEGAL from time to time, Purchase Price; Documents/ Advice Usage, any text, disclaimers, warnings, notices, labels or other content required by applicable Law to be displayed in connection with the offer, merchandising, advertising or Transaction of Your Documents/ Advices, requirements, fees or other terms and conditions applicable to such Documents/ Advices that a customer should be aware of prior to purchasing the Documents/ Advices;
"Transacting on SoOLEGAL Launch Date" means the date on which we first list one of Your Documents/ Advices for Transaction on the SoOLEGAL Site.
"URL Marks" means any Trademark, or any other logo, name, phrase, identifier or character string, that contains or incorporates any top level domain (e.g., .com, co.in, co.uk, .in, .de, .es, .edu, .fr, .jp) or any variation thereof (e.g., dot com, dotcom, net, or com).
"Your Transaction" is defined in the Transaction Terms & Conditions; however, as used in Terms & Conditions, it shall mean any and all such transactions whereby you conduct Transacting of Documents/ Advices or advice sought from you by clients/ customers in writing or by any other mode which is in coherence with SoOLEGAL policy on SoOLEGAL site only.
Taxes on Fees Payable to SoOLEGAL. In regard to these Service Terms you can provide a PAN registration number or any other Registration/ Enrolment number that reflects your Professional capacity by virtue of various enactments in place. If you are PAN registered, or any professional Firm but not PAN registered, you give the following warranties and representations:
(a) all services provided by SoOLEGAL to you are being received by your establishment under your designated PAN registration number; and
SoOLEGAL reserves the right to request additional information and to confirm the validity of any your account information (including without limitation your PAN registration number) from you or government authorities and agencies as permitted by Law and you hereby irrevocably authorize SoOLEGAL to request and obtain such information from such government authorities and agencies. Further, you agree to provide any such information to SoOLEGAL upon request. SoOLEGAL reserves the right to charge you any applicable unbilled PAN if you provide a PAN registration number, or evidence of being in a Professional Firm, that is determined to be invalid. PAN registered REGISTERED USERs and REGISTERED USERs who provide evidence of being in Law Firm agree to accept electronic PAN invoices in a format and method of delivery as determined by SoOLEGAL.
All payments by SoOLEGAL to you shall be made subject to any applicable withholding taxes under the applicable Law. SoOLEGAL will retain, in addition to its net Fees, an amount equal to the legally applicable withholding taxes at the applicable rate. You are responsible for deducting and depositing the legally applicable taxes and deliver to SoOLEGAL sufficient Documents/ Advice evidencing the deposit of tax. Upon receipt of the evidence of deduction of tax, SoOLEGAL will remit the amount evidenced in the certificate to you. Upon your failure to duly deposit these taxes and providing evidence to that effect within 5 days from the end of the relevant month, SoOLEGAL shall have the right to utilize the retained amount for discharging its tax liability.
Where you have deposited the taxes, you will issue an appropriate tax withholding certificate for such amount to SoOLEGAL and SoOLEGAL shall provide necessary support and Documents/ Adviceation as may be required by you for discharging your obligations.
SoOLEGAL has the option to obtain an order for lower or NIL withholding tax from the Indian Revenue authorities. In case SoOLEGAL successfully procures such an order, it will communicate the same to you. In that case, the amounts retained, shall be in accordance with the directions contained in the order as in force at the point in time when tax is required to be deducted at source.
Any taxes applicable in addition to the fee payable to SoOLEGAL shall be added to the invoiced amount as per applicable Law at the invoicing date which shall be paid by you.F.11. Indemnity
Category and Documents/ Advice Restrictions
Certain Documents/ Advices cannot be listed or sold on SoOLEGAL site as a matter of compliance with legal or regulatory restrictions (for example, prescription drugs) or in accordance with SoOLEGAL policy (for example, crime scene photos).
SoOLEGAL's policies also prohibit specific types of Documents/ Advice content. For guidelines on prohibited content and copyright violations, see our Prohibited Content list.
For some Documents/ Advice categories, REGISTERED USERS may not create Documents/ Advice listings without prior approval from SoOLEGAL.
In addition to your obligations under Section 6 of the Transaction Terms & Conditions, you also agree to indemnify, defend and hold harmless us, our Affiliates and their and our respective officers, directors, employees, representatives and agents against any Claim that arises out of or relates to: (a) the Units (whether or not title has transferred to us, and including any Unit that we identify as yours pursuant to Section F-4 regardless of whether such Unit is the actual item you originally sent to us), including any personal injury, death or property damage; and b) any of Your Taxes or the collection, payment or failure to collect or pay Your Taxes.
Registered Users must at all times adhere to the following rules for the Documents/ Advices they intend to put on Transaction:
The "Add a Documents/ Advice" feature allows REGISTERED USERS to create Documents/ Advice details pages for Documents/ Advices.
The following rules and restrictions apply to REGISTERED USERS who use the SoOLEGAL.in "Add a Documents/ Advice" feature.
Using this feature for any purpose other than creating Documents/ Advice details pages is prohibited.
Any Documents/ Advice already in the SoOLEGAL.in catalogue which is not novel and/ or unique or has already been provided by any other Registered User which may give rise to Intellectual Property infringement of any other Registered User is prohibited.
Detail pages may not feature or contain Prohibited Content or .
The inclusion of any of the following information in detail page titles, descriptions, bullet points, or images is prohibited:
Information which is grossly harmful, harassing, blasphemous, defamatory, pedophilic, libelous, invasive of another's privacy, hateful, or racially, ethnically objectionable, disparaging, relating or encouraging money laundering or gambling, pornographic, obscene or offensive content or otherwise unlawful in any manner whatever.
Availability, price, condition, alternative ordering information (such as links to other websites for placing orders).
Reviews, quotes or testimonials.
Solicitations for positive customer reviews.
Advertisements, promotional material, or watermarks on images, photos or videos.
Information which belongs to another person and to which the REGISTERED USER does not have any right to.
Information which infringes any patent, trademark, copyright or other proprietary rights.
Information which deceives or misleads the addressee about the origin of the messages or communicates any information which is grossly offensive or menacing in nature.
Information which threatens the unity, integrity, defence, security or sovereignty of India, friendly relations with foreign states, or public order or causes incitement to the commission of any cognizable offence or prevents investigation of any offence or is insulting any other nation.
Information containing software viruses or any other computer code, files or programs designed to interrupt, destroy or limit the functionality of any computer resource.
Information violating any law for the time being in force.
All Documents/ Advices should be appropriately and accurately classified to the most specific location available. Incorrectly classifying Documents/ Advices is prohibited.
Documents/ Advice titles, Documents/ Advice descriptions, and bullets must be clearly written and should assist the customer in understanding the Documents/ Advice. .
All Documents/ Advice images must meet SoOLEGAL general standards as well as any applicable category-specific image guidelines.
Using bad data (HTML, special characters */? etc.) in titles, descriptions, bullets and for any other attribute is prohibited.
Do not include HTML, DHTML, Java, scripts or other types of executables in your detail pages.
Prohibited REGISTERED USER Activities and Actions
SoOLEGAL.com REGISTERED USER Rules are established to maintain a transacting platform that is safe for buyers and fair for REGISTERED USERS. Failure to comply with the terms of the REGISTERED USER Rules can result in cancellation of listings, suspension from use of SoOLEGAL.in tools and reports, or the removal of transacting privileges.
Attempts to divert transactions or buyers: Any attempt to circumvent the established SoOLEGAL Transactions process or to divert SoOLEGAL users to another website or Transactions process is prohibited. Specifically, any advertisements, marketing messages (special offers) or "calls to action" that lead, prompt, or encourage SoOLEGALusers to leave the SoOLEGAL website are prohibited. Prohibited activities include the following:
The use of e-mail intended to divert customers away from the SoOLEGAL.com Transactions process.
Unauthorised & improper "Names": A REGISTERED USER's Name (identifying the REGISTERED USER's entity on SoOLEGAL.com) must be a name that: accurately identifies the REGISTERED USER; is not misleading: and the REGISTERED USER has the right to use (that is, the name cannot include the trademark of, or otherwise infringe on, any trademark or other intellectual property right of any person). Furthermore, a REGISTERED USER cannot use a name that contains an e-mail suffix such as .com, .net, .biz, and so on.
Unauthorised & improper invoicing: REGISTERED USERS must ensure that the tax invoice is raised in the name of the end customer who has placed an order with them through SoOLEGAL Payment Systems platform . The tax invoice should not mention SoOLEGAL as either a REGISTERED USER or a customer/buyer. Please note that all Documents/ Advices listed on SoOLEGAL.com are sold by the respective REGISTERED USERS to the end customers and SoOLEGAL is neither a buyer nor a REGISTERED USER in the transaction. REGISTERED USERS need to include the PAN/ Service Tax registration number in the invoice.
Inappropriate e-mail communications: All REGISTERED USER e-mail communications with buyers must be courteous, relevant and appropriate. Unsolicited e-mail communications with SoOLEGAL , e-mail communications other than as necessary and related customer service, and e-mails containing marketing communications of any kind (including within otherwise permitted communications) are prohibited.
Operating multiple REGISTERED USER accounts: Operating and maintaining multiple REGISTERED USER accounts is prohibited.
In your request, please provide an explanation of the legitimate business need for a second account.
Misuse of Search and Browse: When customers use SoOLEGAL's search engine and browse structure, they expect to find relevant and accurate results. To protect the customer experience, all Documents/ Advice-related information, including keywords and search terms, must comply with the guidelines provided under . Any attempt to manipulate the search and browse experience is prohibited.
of the ratings, feedback or Documents/ Advice reviews: REGISTERED
USERS cannot submit abusive or inappropriate feedback entries,
coerce or threaten buyers into submitting feedback, submit
transaction feedback regarding them, or include personal information
about a transaction partner within a feedback entry. Furthermore,
any attempt to manipulate ratings of any REGISTERED USER is
prohibited. Any attempt to manipulate ratings, feedback, or
Documents/ Advice reviews is prohibited.
are important to the SoOLEGAL Platform, providing a forum for
feedback about Documents/ Advice and service details and reviewers'
experiences with Documents/ Advices and services –
or negative. You may not write reviews for Documents/ Advices or
services that you have a financial interest in, including reviews
for Documents/ Advices or services that you or your competitors deal
with. Additionally, you may not provide compensation for a review
(including free or discounted Documents/ Advices). Review
solicitations that ask for only positive reviews or that offer
compensation are prohibited. You may not ask buyers to modify or
REGISTERED USERS are expected to conduct proper research to ensure that the items posted to our website are in compliance with all applicable laws. If we determine that the content of a Documents/ Advice detail page or listing is prohibited, potentially illegal, or inappropriate, we may remove or alter it without prior notice. SoOLEGAL reserves the right to make judgments about whether or not content is appropriate.
following list of prohibited Documents/ Advices comprises two
sections: Prohibited Content and Intellectual Property
Listing prohibited content may result in the cancellation of your listings, or the suspension or removal of your transacting privileges. REGISTERED USERS are responsible for ensuring that the Documents/ Advices they offer are legal and authorised for Transaction or re-Transaction.
If we determine that the content of a Documents/ Advice detail page or listing is prohibited, potentially illegal, or inappropriate, we may remove or alter it without prior notice. SoOLEGAL reserves the right to make judgments about whether or not content is appropriate.
Illegal and potentially illegal Documents/ Advices: Documents/ Advices sold on SoOLEGAL.in must adhere to all applicable laws. As REGISTERED USERS are legally liable for their actions and transactions, they must know the legal parameters surrounding any Documents/ Advice they display on our website.
Offensive material: SoOLEGAL reserves the right to determine the appropriateness of listings posted to our website.
Nudity: In general, images that portray nudity in a gratuitous or graphic manner are prohibited.
Items that infringe upon an individual's privacy. SoOLEGAL holds personal privacy in the highest regard. Therefore, items that infringe upon, or have potential to infringe upon, an individual's privacy are prohibited.
Intellectual Property Violations
Counterfeit merchandise: Documents/ Advices displayed on our website must be authentic. Any Documents/ Advice that has been illegally replicated, reproduced or manufactured is prohibited.
Books - Unauthorised copies of books are prohibited.
Movies - Unauthorised copies of movies in any format are prohibited. Unreleased/prereleased movies, screeners, trailers, unpublished and unauthorized film scripts (no ISBN number), electronic press kits, and unauthorised props are also prohibited.
Photos - Unauthorised copies of photos are prohibited.
Television Programs - Unauthorised copies of television Programs (including pay-per-view events), Programs never broadcast, unauthorised scripts, unauthorised props, and screeners are prohibited.
Transferred media. Media transferred from one format to another is prohibited. This includes but is not limited to: films converted from NTSC to Pal and Pal to NTSC, laserdisc to video, television to video, CD-ROM to cassette tape, from the Internet to any digital format, etc.
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The Indian Constitution is the world's biggest constitution. The highest rule of law in India is the Constitution. The text establishes the foundation for the delineation of essential political codes, structure, processes, powers, and responsibilities of government institutions, as well as fundamental rights, rules, and citizens' obligations.
B.R. Ambedkar, the head of the drafting committee, is widely recognized as the principal architect. The Constitution states India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic that seeks to foster brotherhood while safeguarding justice, equality, and freedom for its inhabitants.
The original 1950 Constitution is kept in helium-filled storage at the Parliament House in New Delhi. The words 'secular' and 'socialist' were inserted to the preamble during the Emergency in 1976. It was approved by the Indian Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, and went into force on January 26, 1950.
Article 368 of the Indian constitution states that the government has the authority to change the constitution. There are two kinds of amending procedures: rigid and flexible. It is extremely difficult for the people to modify the constitution under the inflexible system. The constitutions of the United States, Canada, and Australia are then read. The Flexible process, on the other hand, is where the constitution may be amended.
The Indian Constitution is both stiff and flexible, meaning that it is difficult to modify yet virtually adaptable. In accordance with Article 368 of the Indian Constitution, a provision must be proposed in any of the houses and must later be passed by a large majority or a simple majority. If the resolution is approved by a vote, it will be delivered to the president for his signature. The constitution has been revised 104 times in the 70 years since Indian independence. It began with 395 articles and 8 schedules and has now grown to over 450 articles and 12 schedules as a result of 104 changes.
Amendment of Indian Constitution Article 368
The Indian Parliament has the authority to change the Indian Constitution and its processes under Article 368 of the Indian Constitution. Amendments to the Indian Constitution are difficult to draught and must be consistent with previous clauses. Article 368 empowers Parliament to change the Constitution while maintaining its core structure. Article 368 of the Indian Constitution specifies two sorts of modifications to the Indian Constitution. The first sort of change is by a simple legislative majority (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha), the second by a special parliamentary majority, and the third by a special majority and half of the whole state.
Reason for Amendment Procedure by Article 368
Time is not static; it is always changing. The Constitution should be amended. People's social, cultural, and political circumstances are beginning to change. We would be unable to face future challenges if constitutional amendments were not adopted, and this would constitute a roadblock in the path of growth. There's a reason why our founding fathers built the constitution as strong as it is today. Its purpose is to guarantee that plans evolve in tandem with the country's progress. As a result, under Article 368, Parliament's rights to alter the constitution are infinite in terms of the portions of the constitution that it desires to amend.
The Indian Constitution’s Fundamental Structure
The Supreme Court held in the Kesavanand Bharati case of 1973 that the Parliament could not amend certain elements that comprise the core constitutional structure. Constitutional ideas that are necessary for constitutional existence examples include free and fair elections, the federal nature of the country, judicial review, and power separation. It states that the Constitution is built on some fundamental legislative frameworks and founding ideals. Nobody can get their hands on these.
Major Amendments in the Constitution
First Amendment, 1951
1. The Constitution (First Amendment) Act of 1951 gave the state the authority to establish specific provisions to help the socially and economically disadvantaged classes.
2. Savings law that allows for the acquisition of estates, for example.
3. The Ninth Schedule was added to insulate the land reforms and other measures included in it from judicial scrutiny. Articles 31A and 31B were inserted following Article 31.
4. Three new grounds for regulating freedom of expression have been added: public order, cordial relations with foreign nations, and incitement to an offence. It also rendered the restrictions 'reasonable,' and hence, by definition, justifiable.
5. Freedom of expression, holding of Zamindari estate, State trade monopoly, and other issues were raised in the lawsuits. These laws violate property rights, free expression, and equality under the law.
The Constitution (7th Amendment), 1956
1. The schedules for the second and seventh weeks have been altered.
2. The present state division into four divisions (i.e., Part A, Part B, Part C, and Part D states) was repealed and reformed into 14 states and six federal territories.
3. Union territories were granted high court jurisdiction.
4. It was provided for two or more states to form a common high court.
5. If extra and acting High Court justices are appointed.
6. Implementing the recommendations of the State Reorganization Committee and the State Reorganization Act of 1956. State linguistic re – organization. Class A, B, C, and D have been phased out.
The Constitution (9th Amendment Act), 1960
1. Facilitated the cession of the Berubari Union Indian territories (located in West Bengal) to Pakistan, as stipulated in the Indo-Pakistan Agreement (1958). The constitution's Schedule 1 was changed.
2. Adjustments to Indian Territory as a result of an agreement with Pakistan. Following this, the Union submitted the subject to the Supreme Court, which decided that the Parliament's authority to reduce the extent of a state (under Article 3) did not encompass the cession of Indian territories to a foreign country. As a result, Indian Territory may only be transferred to a foreign state by modifying the Constitution in accordance with Article 368.
The Constitution (10th Amendment Act), 1961
1. As a result of the purchase from Portugal, Dadra, Nagar, and Haveli were incorporated as Union Territories.
2. Article 240 of the Constitution was changed.
The Constitution (11th Amendment Act), 1961
1. Changed the mechanism for electing the Vice President by instituting an electoral college rather than a combined parliamentary sitting of the two chambers.
2. Provided, however, that the election of the President or Vice President cannot be disputed because of a vacancy in the relevant electoral college.
The Constitution (12th Amendment Act), 1962
1. The Indian Union absorbed Goa, Daman, and Diu as Union Territories.
2. Article 240 of the Constitution was changed.
The Constitution (13th Amendment Act), 1962
1. Article 371A provides for the formation of Nagaland State, with special protection.
2. The constitution's Article 170 was amended.
The Constitution (15th Amendment Act), 1963
1. Allows the High Court to issue writs to any person or authority, even if the cause of action falls beyond the jurisdiction of the court, if the cause of action arises within its geographical borders.
2. The retirement age for high court judges has been raised from 60 to 62 years.
3. As long as retired high court judges are nominated to serve as acting judges on the same court.
4. The compensation allowance for the transfer of judges from one High Court to another was provided.
5. Allowing the retired High Court judge to serve as an ad hoc judge on the Supreme Court.
6. The mechanism for determining the age of Supreme Court and High Court justices was established.
The Constitution (24th Amendment Act), 1971
1. Affirmed Parliament's ability to modify every part of the Constitution, including fundamental rights, by revising Articles 13 and 368.
2. Made it mandatory for the President to sign off on a Constitutional Amendment Bill.
3. The Twenty-fourth Constitutional Amendment Act was enacted in response to the Supreme Court's Golaknath ruling (1967), which held that Parliament lacks the ability to withdraw constitutional liberties by modifying the Constitution.
The Constitution (26th Amendment Act), 1971
1. The old rulers of princely states' privy purses and privileges were abolished.
2. Article 366 has been amended. Article 363A was added, while Articles 291 and 362 were removed.
The Constitution (31st Amendment Act), 1973
1. The number of Lok Sabha seats has been increased from 525 to 545.
2. This was done as a result of the country's growing population.
The Constitution (36th Amendment Act), 1975
1. Sikkim became the 22nd state of Indian Union.
2. The 10th schedule was omitted.
The Constitution (37th Amendment Act), 1975
1. Parliament passed it on April 26th, 1975, to make way for a legislative Assembly and a Council of Ministers for Arunachal Pradesh, the North – westernmost Union Territory of the country.
The Constitution (39th Amendment Act), 1975
1. The Lok Sabha passed the Bill on August 7, 1975, and it received presidential assent on August 9, 1975.
2. The Act makes the election of a Prime Minister or Speaker of Parliament, as well as the election of the President and Vice-President, unassailable in court
3. The Supreme Court threw down Article 329A in the case of State of Uttar Pradesh v. Raj Narain 1976 (2) SCR 347 for violating the basic structure.
The Constitution (40th Amendment Act), 1976
1. The Parliament was given the authority to set the limits of the territorial seas, continental shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), and India's maritime zones at any moment.
2. The 9th Schedule contains 64 additional Central and State laws, the most of which involve land reform.
The Constitution (42nd Amendment Act), 1976
Three extra phrases (socialism, secularism, and integrity) were added to the Preamble. Citizens have additional essential obligations (new part IV A). The President was bound by the cabinet's advice. Tribunals with the exception of administrative and other concerns (Added Part XIV A). Up to 2001, the Lok Sabha and state legislatures were frozen on the basis of the 1971 census — Population Management Mechanism. The constitutional amendments were adopted without judicial scrutiny. The Supreme Court and other high courts had limited the authority of judicial review and written jurisdiction. Increased the term of the Lok Sabha and state legislatures from 5 years to 6 years.
The Constitution (43rd Amendment Act), 1978
1. This Act repeals the heinous basic provisions law (42nd Amendment) passed under the Emergency. It restores civil freedoms by repealing Article 31D, which granted Parliament the authority to restrict even lawful trade union activities in the name of anti-national activity prevention laws. The new legislation, which has been ratified by more than half of the states in conformity with the Constitution, also returns legislative powers to the states to establish suitable provisions for anti-national acts that are consistent with basic rights. The legislation also re-established the judiciary in its proper role.
2. The Supreme Court will now have the authority to overturn state legislation, which the 42nd Amendment Act removes. The High Courts would now be allowed to decide the statutory legality of Central Legislation compelling persons living in remote places to obtain speedy justice without having to go to the Supreme Court.
The Constitution (44th Amendment Act), 1978
1. Concerning the national emergency, the word 'internal disturbance' has been replaced by the term 'armed rebellion.'
2. Has required the President to declare a national emergency only on the written proposal of the cabinet.
3. Has enacted certain constitutional protections for a national emergency and the rule of law.
4. The right to property was removed from the Fundamental Rights register and established a legal right instead.
5. Provided, however, that the basic rights protected by Articles 20 and 21 cannot be suspended during a national emergency.
6. The original tenure of the Lok Sabha and state legislatures (five years) has been reinstated.
7. Restored the quorum norms in Parliament and state legislatures.
8. The reference to the British House of Commons was removed from the parliamentary privileges clauses.
9. The publication of honest accounts of legislative trials and state assemblies in a periodical was granted basic immunity.
10. The President was permitted to return the cabinet's suggestions for reconsideration once. The reconsidered opinion, on the other hand, will be binding on the President.
The Constitution (52nd Amendment Act), 1985
1. Provided for disqualification on the ground of defection of parliamentary members and state legislatures, and added a new Tenth Schedule containing the details in this regard.
2. The Act made defection of another party unlawful after elections. Any member who defects after elections to another party will be disqualified from being a member of parliament or a legislature of the state.
The Constitution (58th Amendment Act), 1987
1. Provided for an authorized text of the Constitution in Hindi and granted the Hindi version of the Constitution the same legal legitimacy as the English version.
2. This requires particular arrangements for reserving seats for Scheduled Tribes in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya. The seating alteration was put on hold until 2000 A.D. when Article 322 was amended.
The Constitution (61st Amendment Act), 1989
1. The voting age for Lok Sabha and state legislative assembly elections has been reduced from 21 to 18 years.
2. That was characterized by then-Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi as an indication of the government's complete trust in the country's young. Because the kids are educated and intelligent, decreasing the voting age will allow the nation's unrepresented youth to express their emotions and maybe get involved in the political process.
The Constitution (62nd Amendment Act), 1989
1. It asked for the prolongation for another 10 years of reserve of seats in Parliament and state legislatures for Scheduled Castes and Tribes, as well as reservation for election for the Anglo Indian community.
The Constitution (65th Amendment Act), 1990
1. Article 338 of the Constitution has been changed to create a National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes comprised of a Chairperson, a Vice-Chairperson, and five additional members nominated by warrant under the supervision and seal of the Chairperson.
The Constitution (69th Amendment Act), 1991
1. The purpose of the Act of Parliament was to grant Delhi statehood as the "Delhi National Capital Territory." This also proposes for a 70-member assembly and a 7-member ministerial council in Delhi.
The Constitution (71st Amendment Act), 1992
1. The amendment allows Nepali, Manipuri, and Konkani to be included to the Constitution's Eighth Schedule. With the addition of these three languages, the number of languages in the Eighth Schedule rises to 18.
The Constitution (73rd Amendment Act), 1992
1. The Parliament enacted the Seventy-third Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992, on 22 December 1992, and it was notified by the Central Government via the Official Gazette on 20 April 1993, when it was rectified by the lawmakers of the State and authorized by the President of India. The institutions of Panchayati Raj now have constitutional legitimacy.
2. Because of Part VIII of the with the introduction of the responsibilities and duties of Panchayati Raj Institutions in Article 243A and the new schedule known as the Eleventh Schedule, a new section IX was introduced to the Constitution. The Act establishes Gram Sabha, a three-tier Panchayati Raj model, and the reservation of seats for SCs and STs in proportion to their population, as well as the reservation of one-third of seats for women.
The Constitution (76th Amendment Act), 1994
This Amendment Act raises the reservation ceiling for government employment and admission seats in educational institutions in Tamil Nadu to 69% in favor of socially and educationally disadvantaged groups. Furthermore, the Amendment Act was inserted in the Constitution's Ninth Schedule to insulate it from judicial examination.
The Constitution (77th Amendment Act), 1995
This amendment inserted a new section (4-a) to Article 16 of the Constitution, allowing the state to adopt any reservation measures in favor of SCs and STs in promotions in government employment if it believes they are underrepresented in state services. This was done to neutralize the effect of the Supreme Court's decision in the Mandal Commission case (Indra Sawhney vs. Union of India), in which the Court ruled that quotas on promotions are not permissible.
The Constitution (80th Amendment Act), 2000
Based on the suggestions of the Tenth Finance Committee, the Constitution (Eightieth Amendment) Act of 2000 created an alternate plan for the division of taxes between the Union and the Province. Under the existing income-sharing agreement between the Union and the states, 26 percent of total Federal tax and duty revenues are to be paid to the states in lieu of their current amount of income tax, excise duty, special excise duties, and exemptions from taxes on rail passenger fares.
The Constitution (81st Amendment Act), 2000
The unfilled vacancies of one year reserved for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in accordance with the clause of Reservations made pursuant to Article 16 of the Constitution shall be regarded as a distinct class of vacancies to be filled in every subsequent year or year, and these class of vacancies shall not be counted in accordance with the vacancies of the year in which they were filled to determine the limit of a quota of fifty pence.
The Constitution (84th Amendment Act), 2001
The Act amended Articles 82 and 170(3) of the Constitution to readjust and rationalize the geographical constituencies of the States without changing the number of seats allotted to each State in the House of People and Parliamentary Assemblies of States, including Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Constituencies, on a population-based basis determined in the 1991 census, in order to close the gap created by unequal population/electoral growth in different constituencies.
The Constitution (86th Amendment Act), 2002
1. To make the right to free and compulsory education a basic right, the Act inserts a new Article, Article 21A, which grants the right to free and compulsory education to all children aged 6 to 14 years. Parts III, IV, and V of the Constitution are amended by the law (A).
2. One of the most significant developments was that, with government assistance, the government required private schools to take 25% of their class size from socially vulnerable or underprivileged classes in society through a random allocation method. This step was done in order to provide everyone with a high-quality education.
The Constitution (88th Amendment Act), 2003
Service tax collected and appropriated by the Union and States, levied by the Union. The Acts amends Articles 268, 270 and VII schedule.
The Constitution (92nd Amendment Act), 2003
The amendment advocates the inclusion languages Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, and Santhali into the constitution's VIIIth Schedule. With the addition of these four languages, the number of languages in the VIIIth Schedule increases to 22.
The Constitution (95th Amendment Act), 2010
The amendment proposes to raise the quota of seats in the Lok Sabha and state legislatures for SCs and STs from 60 to 70 years.
The Constitution (96th Amendment Act), 2011
Replaced Odia for Oriya in Indian Constitution 8th Schedule.
The Constitution (97th Amendment Act), 2012
Article 19(l)(c) was amended to include the words "or cooperative societies" after the term "or unions," as well as the addition of Article 43B, Promotion of cooperative societies, and Part-IXB, Co-operative societies. The amendment's goal is to foster cooperative economic activities that would help rural India prosper. It is necessary not just to preserve cooperatives' independence and democracy, but also to keep management accountable to members and other stakeholders.
The Constitution (99th Amendment Act), 2014
It called for the setting up of the National judicial Commission.
The Constitution (100th Amendment Act), 2015
Other enclave areas are being exchanged with Bangladesh. Citizenship rights are being conferred to enclave inhabitants as a result of the signing of the Treaty of Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) between India and Bangladesh.
The Constitution (101st Amendment Act), 2016
1. With the enactment and subsequent notices of the 101st Constitution Amendment Act, 2016, the Goods and Services Tax (GST) went into effect on September 8, 2016.
2. Articles 246A, 269A, and 279A were incorporated into the constitution. The amendment permitted modifications to the 7th cycle of the constitution. Previously, Union List entry 84 included duties on cigarettes, alcoholic beverages, marijuana, Indian hemp, medicines and pharmaceuticals, and medical and bathroom arrangements. Following the modification, petroleum oil, high-speed gasoline, engine spirit (petrol), natural gas, and air turbine power, cigarettes, and cigarettes items should be mentioned.
3. Entry 92 has been eliminated (newspapers and advertisements placed in them); they are now subject to GST. Entry 92-C (Service Tax) has been removed from the union list. Entry 52 (in-state sales tax) has been deleted from the State register.
4. According to the provisions of List I Entry 92-A, Taxes on the export or purchase of products other than newspapers, have now been supplemented by Taxes on the sale of petroleum oil, high-speed gasoline, motor spirit (petroleum), natural gas, aviation turbine fuel, and alcoholic spirit for human consumption, but not including the sale or distribution in the form of inter-State commerce or commerce Reference 55 (Taxes on Advertising).
The Constitution (102nd Amendment Act), 2018
The bill seeks to give the National Commission on Backward Classes legal standing. It wants to establish a new Article 338B into the constitution that provides for the NCBC, its mandate, composition, functions, and different offices. Inserted a new Article 342-A authorizing the President to inform that state/union territory's list of socially and educationally disadvantaged classes.
The Constitution (103rd Amendment Act), 2019
Articles 15 and 16 of the Constitution were amended. It provides for the advancement of the economically disadvantaged segments of society. A considerable 10% of all government posts and college seats will also have a quota for voters other than the wealthy. This law is written with the intention of enforcing Article 46 of the Indian Constitution, a Directive Principle that requires the government to defend the educational and economic interests of the poorer parts of society.
The Constitution (104th Amendment Act), 2020
This increased seat quotas in the Lok Sabha for SCs and STs, as well as in state legislatures.