Cybercrime is defined as a crime in which an electronic device is the object of the crime (hacking, phishing, spamming) or is used as a tool to commit an offense (child pornography, hate crimes, etc.).
These days, too many people and organisations are becoming victims of cyber-crimes. Cyber attackers/hackers are opting cyber-hacking as a weapon to generate easy money in single stroke without much hassle by hacking and intruding into personal data of persons, companies and government agencies using virus such as ransom virus.
As a consequence, common people feel that no data or information is safe in this digitalized world which is terrorized by the cyber criminals.
According to the official reports 1, 44,496 cyber security attacks observed in the country during 2014-16 period. 5,693, 9,622 and 11,592 cyber-crime cases were registered during 2013, 2014 and 2015 respectively.
Tremendous upsurge in the utility of computers, smart phones and internet by citizens and lack of knowledge amid most of citizens on the aspect to safe guard their data and information is considered as the major component that contributed to raise in cyber-crime cases.
These official statistics expose the imminent need to take certain immediate measures to build a robust cyber mechanism in place which will be well armored and equipped with right tools to hunt down the cyber criminals.
In order to sternly deal with cyber criminals who are habituated to commit cyber-crimes such as financial frauds, circulation of communal and pornographic contents, the Central Government is deliberating to establish an Indian cyber-crime coordination centre in Delhi - with the underlying intent to repose the lost confidence of common man about the safety of data or information stored in cyberspace.
States governments are also mandated to establish State cyber-crime coordination cells at the headquarter-level and also establish district cyber-crime cells.
Central government has further allocated funds to constitute a cyber-forensic laboratory-cum-training centre for police officials in each state.
As a part of its efforts to eradicate (or at lease reduce and minimize) cyber-crimes Central Government will preserve a list of suspects and the leads generated via cyber-crime cases investigations and share such list with law enforcement agencies.
Going forward, cyber hackers need to be aware of the hefty price they are going to pay for committing cyber-crimes as Central government will initiate stringent action against such hackers and websites which contravene India's laws and circulate child porn, and communally and racially sensitive content.
It is hoped that with the establishment of the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre at Central level and associated bodies at State level will strengthen the cyber mechanism in the country and punish the cyber criminals with stringent punishment – ultimately triumph the end objective (i.e to make common man feel confident again that the data or information owned by them in cyberspace is secure, safe and free of cyber threats).
Research and inputs by Paruchuri Baswanth Mohan