Prof.(Dr.) Priya
Significance of Psychoanalytic approach pertaining to causation of crime: An analysis

Significance of Psychoanalytic approach pertaining to causation of crime: An analysis

Significance of Psychoanalytic approach pertaining to the causation of crime: An analysis

Abstract

The Criminal Law and Criminology endeavour to attempt and understand the demands of knowledge across a wide range of disciplines. The causes of crime are one of the important segments of the crime problem that require more discussion, investigation and research. Writers and researchers from anthropology, economics, jurisprudence, medicine, philosophy, psychology and sociology have contributed to the study of crime.  

The key learning from various theories of causation of crime indicate that psychology plays a prominent role in criminal tendency and crime committed. The psychoanalytic theory helps to analyse criminal motives and behaviour by comparing the crime rate and nature of the crime committed by persons suffering from various abnormal behaviours.

Crime cannot be explained solely by the psychoanalytic theory because it has a strong correlation with geographical, anthropological, economic and social factors also. However, the knowledge of psychology has significantly contributed to the study of criminology, particularly in terms of its methodology, application of some of its own database and theories. Therefore an integrated approach for developing theories and explanations for the occurrence of crime help in analysing the crime problem holistically.

This paper attempts to analyse the pattern of crime committed in the recent past, particularly in India, and suggests that there is a need to study the same in an integrated manner along with the psychoanalytic approach in order to understand the deep rooted causes of the crime and criminal behaviour and thereby initiate dialogue for more social, governmental and judicial action in order to ensure safe and the secure environment at all public places.

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Significance of Psychoanalytic approach pertaining to the causation of crime: An analysis

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