NEW EDUCATION POLICY 2020: Internationalization of Indian Education System
Prarthana Kumari 19 Aug 2020

NEW EDUCATION POLICY 2020: Internationalization of Indian Education System


New Education Policy 2020, has finally supplanted the old Education System in India in 21st century, after a long period of 34 years. This step has been taken by HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal under Ministry of Human Resource Development to bring a change in overall Education System of India. The adoption of New Education Policy is based on the advice of Dr Kasturirangan Committee. The new education standards have various upsides which would end up being productive over the old ongoing policy. It aims for universalisation of education from pre- school to secondary level .


A-   School Education Reforms

·       ‘10+2’ Board structure is modified.

·       The new structure of school will be ‘5+3+3+4’

·       Foundational stage- Three years of Pre-school (Ages 3-6) + Two years in Primary school in grade 1-2 (Ages 6-8).

·       Preparatory stage- It covers ages from 8 to 11 years or grades 3-5.

·       Middle stage- It covers ages from 11 to 14 years or grades 6-8.

·       Secondary stage- It covers ages from 14 to 18 years in two phases- grades 9-10 in the first and grades 11-12 in the second.

·       As a medium of instruction, the Policy give more preference to the mother tongue of child. However, NEP only recommends the mother tongue but has not made it compulsory.

·       From 6th grade Vocational courses will available including internships.

·       The curricular content will be reduced to develop critical thinking, fundamental learning and more prominent spotlight will be on practical learning.

·       Students from class 8th can select subjects of their choice across streams.

·       All exams of school will be conducted semester wise twice in a year.

·       The new Basic Learning Program will be started by the government for Parents to teach children at home up to 3 years.

B-    Reforms in Colleges & Universities

·       The UG degree will be now either of a 3 or 4 year duration, with Multiple Exit options within this period.

·       For any graduation course, the Colleges will have to give –

A basic certificate- after completion of one year in study

Diploma certificate- after completion of two years in study

Bachelors’ degree- after completion of three year programme.

·       A Major & Minor subject options will given to all graduation courses.

·       MPhil would be discontinued, paving the way for students for Masters’ degree to get PhD.

·       The NTA (National Testing Agency) will take a Common College Entrance Exam twice every year.

·       All university government, open, private, deemed, vocational, etc will have the same norms and grading system.

·       All ‘Higher Education Commissions’ will be governed by only one authority.

·       All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) & University Grant Commission (UGC) will be merged.

·       The new teacher training board will be set up for all kinds of teachers in India.

·       NEP (New Education Policy) 2020, makes a stride towards the Internationalization of Indian Education proposing a Legislative Framework that permits top rated global universities to operate in India and encourages top Indian universities to set up campuses in other nations.



A-   About The Bill

·        The proposed Foreign Educational Institutions Bill, 2010 seeks to permit the operation and entry of foreign educational institutions seeking to impart Higher Education.

·       Each Foreign Educational Institution aiming to work in India must be informed as a foreign educational supplier by the Central Government on the commendation of the Registrar (Secretary of the UGC).

·       Foreign Educational Suppliers need to keep up a corpus fund of at least Rs 50 crore . Up to 75 percent of any income created from the corpus fund will be used for enhancing its institution in India and rest ought to be returned in the fund.

·       The Central Government may exempt any Institution, on the recommendation of the Advisory Board, from conforming to the needs of the Bill except the Penalty Provisions and the Ban on revenue repatriation.

B-    Key Issues and Analysis

·       There are three perspectives on the Issue of Foreign Educational Institutions working in India. Rivals contend that it would restrain access and lead to Commercialisation. Defenders of the Bill contend that it would expand options for student and increase competition in the Sector. There are a few specialists who support restricted entry depends on the Reputation of the Institution.

·       Present rule grant Foreign Universities to work together with Indian associates through different systems. However, some globally renowned Universities team up with India. It isn't clear if the Bill would attract Quality Foreign Universities given the stricter instructions.

·       The Bill needs clearness on what provisions the Foreign Institutions might be given an exemption from since, they have to follow every other laws in force. This effectively implies that they have to conform to principles set by Statutory Authorities on Curriculum, Methodology and Faculty and Mandatory publication of prospectus.

C-   Historical Background

The bill was presented first time in the year 1995, but clearly, it couldn't take off. Another endeavor to permit entry of Foreign Varsities in India was made in the year 2005-06 however, the draft legislation couldn't get the endorsement in the Cabinet.


During the governance of United Progressive Alliance (UPA), the Human Resource Development Ministry brought a Foreign Educational Institutions (Regulation of Entry and Operations) Bill drove by Ex-HRD Minister Kapil Sibal. The Bill gets green flag in Lok Sabha yet neglected to get by in Parliament and in the end got slipped by in 2014 after the expiration of the 5-year term of UPA-II Government.


Prior in 2017, A Strategy Paper shared by the Commerce Ministry with the Ministries of HRD and External Affairs and the NITI Aayog in April 2015 supported for the Internationalization of Indian Education to gain Foreign exchange. The recovery of the “Foreign Educational Institutions Bill” was one of the four activity focuses cited by the commerce ministry in the Strategy Paper.

The NITI Aayog was consequently asked by Narendra Modi to set up a structure to give a straightforward and crystal clear clearance for Foreign Education Suppliers.


After a few month of meetings on the issue, the NITI Aayog freed decks for the inauguration of the Foreign Varsities Campuses in India.

It recommended the Human Resource Development Ministry to either introduce new provisions to direct the entry and functioning of Foreign University Campuses in India under the UGC or amend the University Grants Commission Act of 1956 and its guidelines to empower their establishment as Deemed Universities in the country.


At last, the changes have been made under the NEP (New Education Policy) 2020 and the “Ministry of Human Resource Development” (MHRD) has likewise been renamed as the “Ministry of Education”.



The New Education Policy (NEP), 2020 targets to encourage a comprehensive, holistic and participatory approach, which mulls field understanding, stakeholder, empirical research just as lessons gained from best practices. It’s a developmental move towards a more logical way to deal with education. The suggested framework help to cater the capacity of the student- phases of Cognitive development just as Physical and Social mindfulness. This Education Policy if implemented in its actual vision, the framework can bring India at standard with the leading nations of the world.







Did you find this write up useful? YES 9 NO 0
Alok   21 Aug 2020 11:24pm
Achha hai
Rishav Raj   21 Aug 2020 5:06pm
This post is legit. Keep doing it
Ankita   21 Aug 2020 2:49pm
Well explained and informative article on NEP .
Ankita   21 Aug 2020 2:49pm
Well explained and informative article on NEP .
Anushka   21 Aug 2020 1:51pm
This article is very helpful and knowledgeable ....i came across with new things.........perfectly written.... Excellent!!!
Hrithik Pandey   21 Aug 2020 1:38pm
Very well written, it's very informative..
Ashish yadav   21 Aug 2020 12:29pm
I hope New Education Policy 2020 will bring a great change in our education system. This article is very knowledgeable and carry very important information.
Prashant Mishra   21 Aug 2020 8:12am
Help to know many things through it.
Rakesh kumar   21 Aug 2020 6:12am
@NewEducationPolicy2020 focused on nurturing the education system keeping in view to enhance the level of evaluations and for better assessment.It increases read more
Harish yadav   21 Aug 2020 1:24am
#NewEducationPolicy2020 is aimed at building a strong nation in terms of education and research. Only need is the right implementation of Govt’s great read more
Rashmi Rupam   20 Aug 2020 7:24pm
New Education Policy is really great step taken by government towards Indian Education System.This article is very useful and informative for me.It is read more
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