Dr. Jaishri Laxmanrao Patil vs. The Chief Minister & Ors. 2021 SCC OnLine SC 362 - Synopsis
Deyasini Das 30 Jul 2021

The Supreme Court held that reservations till a limit of 50% is reasonable otherwise it will have a ripple effect. If the reservations go above 50% then reducing it later will be difficult due to political pressure. The principles of equality and reasonability have been enshrined in Article 14 of the Indian Constitution and the ceiling of 50% was set in accordance with these principles. Articles 15 and 16 are facets of Article 14 of the Constitution. The court referring to Indra Sawhneyobserved that all authorities including executive, and legislature are absolutely bound by law and are not permitted to exceed the reservation above 50% apart from extra ordinary situations. The Maratha reservation was struck down by the court, as presence of extra ordinary situation didn’t exist. The 102nd Constitutional amendment was upheld by the court but majority bench asserted that only the President had the right to notify under Article 342A and identify SEBCs. 



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