Legal. Knowledge. Sharing.

List of Criminal Legal Procedures in India

Criminal Procedure in India

The criminal procedure is the adjudication process of the criminal law, as where a judge or arbitrator rules on some disputed issue and claim between the two parties. While criminal proceedings vary significantly by purview, the procedure for most of the cases starts with a formal criminal allegation, and results in the conviction or release of the accused. In a criminal case, the defendant will be charged with a fine or imprisonment for his crimes or other offenses, if found guilty and the victim of a crime may be rewarded for damages by a criminal court.

Criminal Law procedures are essential to secure the rights of a defendant

When a judge alludes the guidelines of a criminal procedure, he/she is alluding the standards which control how a criminal case should be taken care of. The rules of the criminal proceedings, for the most part, don’t characterize what an infringement of the law is, but instead, will point out the facts how any given criminal case will be dealt with as it progresses through the criminal court system. When an accused get arrested with a probable cause of arrest, he/she will be summoned and get educated about the charges against him and also possesses the privilege to request for an attorney. The same process is applied to most of the criminal cases.

Types of convictions under criminal law code

The criminal procedure is very important to the defendant because it assures the protection of constitutional due procedures to the defendant against whom an allegation or claim is brought in the court of law. Criminal punishments may have harsh consequence like:

  1. Charging extreme fines
  2. Loss of freedom by detainment
  3. Loss of civil rights like the right to carry a weapon or right to vote.